Category Archives: script

The Yu- experiment simulation

The simulation of the Yu- experiment, for the first time really put our work we have done so far to the test in terms of physical accuracy. We have built the beam with increasing discretization (subdivision) levels. We approximated the weight needed to break the setup by running multiple simulations for each subdivision level. We where very happy to see that the finally established weights of 5100, 5400, 4800, 5000 kg etc where all in a very close range compared to the real loading level of 4700kg in the original real world experiment. (maximal deviation +15%)


We emphasize that at the moment we do not track permanent plastic deformation or crack propagation. What at this stage is interesting to us is to evaluate if we can predict the absolute moment of breaking of a structural assembly. This first comparison with a real world experiment seems to indicate that this is the case.

The Yu- experiment

To validate structural performance of reinforced concrete structures many tests on RC assemblages have been carried out under column removal scenarios. They provide valuable information on structural dynamic performance. One such experiments was executed at the Fraunhofer Institute for High-Speed Dynamics by following the specimen design by Jun Yu and Kang Hai Tan: A ca 6 meter long concrete beam supported by a center concrete pillar was loaded with a constant 47kN in form of two huge concrete block weights . The center pillar was then suddenly removed by explosives.

The research papers by the Fraunhofer Institute can be downloaded from here.Yu experiment

Accurate formulas are now integrated in our script. They allow breaking threshold calculations based on reinforcement information. Amount and layout of the steel in a building element are now taken into account. Input parameters are for example diameter of the irons, amount of rods, distance of stirrups, concrete cover.BCB

In the following weeks we will have a splendid opportunity to test the accuracy of the script. We will cross validate our simulation results with real world experiments.

Simplified formulas for our force evaluation


With the support of the engineer office Schüssler-Plan we have collected a set of formulas that is now enabling us to take into account the steel reinforcement in a building element.

Steel reinforcement can improve particular strength values. For example to improve the performance under shear force steel stirrups are added, or to improve the resistance against compression and tensile forces longitudinal irons are added etc.

These Formulas can now be applied to calculate quite accurately the threshold values we need to be set for our particular constraints. We created an excel table to run the calculations on a test bases.

Next we will implement the formulas directly into the BCB- addon. The script will calculate relative strength values: 160131-formulas-calculation, tensile, shear and bend based on a sample element and then apply those relative values in N/mm2 to all the other elements within the same element group.

We are waiting with excitement to the results of the first validation cases.